Diabetes Complications
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Complications - cardiovascular

The effects of diabetes on the heart and blood vessels
Complications - Eye

The effects of diabetes on the eyes
Complications - Feet, Kidney, Other
Feet, Kidney, Other

Other effects of diabetes on the body

acanthosis nigricans
- Acanthosis nigricans is a disease that causes dark, thick areas on the skin. The areas affected are spread out and the skin is velvety. It is most common in the armpits and other body folds. The disease may be inherited or caused by problems with how the body uses insulin, obesity, some drugs, and cancer.
- A cataract is a spot on the eye that blocks light, or a blemish within the lens of the eye. This creates a hazy, cloudy, or frosty appearance. Cataracts interfere with vision.
- Gangrene is the death of living cells or tissues of the body.
diabetes and infections
- A person with diabetes mellitus is at higher risk for infections than other people.
diabetic ketoacidosis
- Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a serious complication of diabetes mellitus (DM), or diabetes. It may occur in some people when their diabetes is not well controlled.
diabetic neuropathy
- Diabetic neuropathy is an injury to the peripheral nervous system caused by underlying diabetes mellitus.
drug-induced hypoglycemia
- Hypoglycaemia, or low levels of the blood sugar called glucose, can sometimes be caused by medications.
body odour
- Body odour is the term given to any smell associated with a person's body.
blood glucose tests
- Blood glucose, or blood sugar, is the amount of glucose circulating in the blood. Glucose is another name for sugar and is an important energy source for the body. The body forms glucose when it breaks down the foods that are eaten. For example, bread or cereal is not in a form of energy that the body can use. The body converts these foods into a useable form, glucose.
- Cellulitis is an infection of the skin and the layer under the skin.
peripheral neuropathy
- This is a condition of peripheral nerves in which there is damage to and a decrease in the function of the affected nerves. Damage to the nerves may result in decreased sensation, decreased ability to move, or numbness, or both. There may also be positive symptoms such as pins and needles, tingling or burning.
Dupuytren's contracture
- Dupuytren's contracture is a thickening and tightening of the fibrous tissue beneath the skin on the palm of the hand. The contracture causes bending of the fourth and, frequently, the fifth fingers.
vaginal yeast infection
- A vaginal yeast infection is caused by one of a group of fungal organisms known as Candida. These include Candida albicans,Candida tropicalis,Candida glabrata, and Candida parapsilosis.
kidney transplant
- Kidney transplantation involves placing a healthy donor kidney into a person whose own kidneys have stopped working. The donor kidney can either come from someone who has died or from a living donor.
- Confusion is an abnormal mental condition or state of mind. A person who is confused has trouble understanding the environment and may react or respond inappropriately to it.
chronic renal failure
foot care for people with diabetes
high arches
- A foot with a very high or hollowed arch is known as pes cavus. A pes cavus foot can be rigid or flexible. A rigid cavus foot looks the same with weight off or on the foot. A flexible cavus foot has a high arch when there is no weight on the foot. The arch decreases when the person puts weight on the foot.
high cholesterol
- High cholesterol is an excessive level of cholesterol in the blood. Hyperlipidaemia is a more general term for high levels of different kinds of fats in the blood. These can result from a diet high in total fat, saturated fats, and cholesterol. Both conditions may also occur as inherited forms.
diabetes mellitus
diabetic nephropathy
end-stage renal disease
laser surgery
- A laser is a special high-energy beam of light that can be used to treat certain conditions.
diabetic foot ulcer
yeast infection of the skin and mucous membranes
diabetes insipidus
stroke from atherosclerosis
stroke from cardiogenic embolism
transient ischemic attack
triglyceride level
spinal cord abscess
- A spinal cord abscess is a walled off area of infection within the spinal cord.
- Triglycerides are the common type of fat found in food and in the body. They make up 95% of dietary fat. They contain saturated, polyunsaturated, and monounsaturated fats in different mixtures. Triglycerides occur naturally in foods. The liver also makes them when excess kilojoules are present. They are transported and stored in the body's fat tissue.
type 1 diabetes mellitus
type 2 diabetes mellitus
erectile dysfunction
- Male erectile dysfunction is a condition in which a man cannot get or keep an erection long enough to have sexual intercourse.
- Glaucoma is a condition that develops when the fluid pressure in the eye is abnormally high. This causes damage to the fibres of the optic nerve, or the nerve of vision. Some glaucoma cases may be associated with normal pressure. This condition usually occurs in older adults.
- Hypoglycaemia is the condition that occurs when blood sugar, or glucose, levels drop below normal.
unconsciousness, first aid
urine protein
vision changes
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