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Auto-immune diseases - Thyroid

Auto-immune thyroid disease-diagnosis and management
Auto-immune diseases - Lupus

Information on Systemic Lupus Erythematosis(SLE)
Auto-immune diseases - Rheumatoid Arthritis, ITP, Other
Rheumatoid Arthritis, ITP, Other

Articles on Rheumatoid,ITP and other AI diseases

- Agranulocytosis (ay-gran-you-lo-site-oh-sis) is a condition caused by a drop in a certain type of white blood cells in the body.
acute interstitial nephritis
- Acute interstitial nephritis (AIN) is a condition in which there is damage to the tissue surrounding the filtering unit of the kidney. The damage may result in a sudden decline in the kidney function.
Berger's disease
- Berger's disease is a disorder of unknown cause that results in kidney damage, and may lead to kidney failure.
- Arthritis is the name for irritation in a joint, which often becomes swollen, painful, and stiff.
decreased urination
- Decreased urination is often caused by dehydration, but sometimes it may indicate serious disease.
- Bruising is an area of discoloured skin. Bruising develops when the lining of small blood vessels is damaged, allowing blood cells to escape into the skin and tissues. This condition most often occurs after a person injures a particular part of the body.
celiac disease-nutrition
- Coeliac disease is a chronic digestive disorder that affects the small intestine. It can begin at any stage of life, from infancy through adulthood. The disease varies in severity from person to person. People with coeliac disease have an intolerance or a reaction to gliadin, which is a component of gluten. Gluten and gliadin are found in several common grains.
- The sclera is the white, outer coat of the eye. When this area becomes inflamed, the condition is called scleritis.
peripheral neuropathy
- This is a condition of peripheral nerves in which there is damage to and a decrease in the function of the affected nerves. Damage to the nerves may result in decreased sensation, decreased ability to move, or numbness, or both. There may also be positive symptoms such as pins and needles, tingling or burning.
- Malaise is a general feeling of physical discomfort or uneasiness.
dry eye
- Some people do not produce enough tears to keep the front surface of the eye lubricated and comfortable. This condition is known as dry eye.
- Fatigue is a condition in which a person becomes weary or exhausted. It is usually caused by overdoing some physical activity. It can also occur after a long period of mental stress. In some cases, it may occur for no clear reason.
- ELISA is test that is usually done on a sample of blood. This test may be used for various purposes. The test detects the presence of either antigens or antibodies in the blood. An antigen is a protein found in a substance in the body, such as a bacteria or piece of a protein. An antibody is a protein formed by the body in response to an antigen. Specific antigens "stick" to the specific antibodies that are created in response to them. Not all proteins in the body cause antibodies to be made. The proteins that do are possible candidates for an ELISA test.
- Creatinine is a waste product made by the body during regular metabolism. It is excreted into the urine by the kidneys. A serum creatinine test measures the level of creatinine in the blood.
- This test measures the amount of T3, which is a form of thyroid hormone, in the blood. The test is done to evaluate thyroid function, especially when a person is thought to have an overactive or underactive thyroid.
- This test measures the amount of T4, which is also called thyroxine. T4 is a form of thyroid hormone in the blood. The test is usually performed to evaluate thyroid function. The levels of thyroid hormone in the blood are important to health. Thyroid hormone controls the body's rate of basal metabolism, which is the energy needed to keep the body functioning at rest.
creatinine clearance
- This is a test of kidney function. It determines the amount of fluid filtered each minute by the kidneys.
cold stimulation test for Raynaud's phenomenon
- This test looks for reduced blood flow in the fingers after they are exposed to cold temperatures.
scalp problems
idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
autoimmune disorders
immune assay
- An immune assay is a special method of testing in order to measure or detect certain substances. This sophisticated test uses the properties of the immune or infection-fighting system. It is usually used when the amount of material to be detected is very small. It is most commonly performed on a sample of blood, though other body fluids may be used.
joint aspiration
- Synovial fluid is a liquid found in small amounts within the joints. This liquid is produced by the membrane lining the capsule of a joint, known as the synovial membrane. During a joint aspiration, the synovial fluid is drawn out using a needle, and looked at under a microscope.
- Electromyography (EMG) is used to test the electrical activity of a skeletal muscle.
pericarditis after a heart attack
- After a heart attack, the thin lining that surrounds the heart may become inflamed or irritated. This condition is known as pericarditis.
Goodpasture syndrome
Raynaud's phenomenon
Hashimoto's thyroiditis
drug-induced lupus erythematosus
systemic lupus erythematosus
autoimmune hepatitis
- Autoimmune hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver caused by an autoimmune disorder. An autoimmune disorder is one in which a person's immune system attacks his or her own body for unknown reasons.
spleen removal
- Spleen removal, or splenectomy, involves surgically removing the spleen from the body. The spleen produces red blood cells and white blood cells in the body. It also stores blood. The spleen also filters out bacteria and old red blood cells from the blood. It is located to the upper left side of the abdomen, just in front of the stomach.
graft versus host disease
- Graft versus host disease is a serious condition that can occur after a bone marrow transplant or blood transfusion.
swollen glands
myasthenia gravis
- Myasthenia gravis is a disease in which the body's immune system attacks the muscles and causes weakness. This disorder occurs more frequently in women than men and usually begins between the ages of 20 and 40.
- Myocarditis is an inflammation of the heart muscle from any cause.
- Polymyositis is a condition that causes inflammation and weakness in many different muscles of the body.
urine protein
Sjogren syndrome
- Sjogren syndrome is an autoimmune disorder that causes a major decrease in lubricating fluids, such as tears and saliva. An autoimmune disorder is one in which the person's body attacks its own tissues, for unknown reasons.
- Vasculitis is an inflammation of the blood vessels.
- Vitiligo is a skin disorder characterised by the development of completely white patches of skin.
irritability in adults
- Irritability is a state of being overly sensitive to stimulation. Adults who are irritable may easily become impatient or angry.
WBC count
antibody titre
- This test detects and measures the amount of antibodies in the blood. Antibodies are proteins made by the immune system. These antibodies are made to attack a real or imagined threat. For example, antibodies may be made in some cases to attack bacteria causing an infection. In other cases, however, antibodies may be made to attack a person's own body.
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