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Broken bones - Children

Useful information on broken bones in children
Broken bones - Adults

Useful information on broken bones in adults
Broken Bones - Immediate Treatments
Immediate Treatments

The immediate treatment of a broken bone

haematoma of the nasal septum
- A haematoma is a collection of blood that occurs in tissue that separates 2 similar structures. A haematoma of the nasal septum refers to blood in the wall separating the 2 nostrils of the nose.
broken or dislocated jaw
- A broken or dislocated jaw is an injury in which the jaw is cracked, broken, or moved out of position.
Babinski reflex
- A Babinski reflex is a body response that may be tested during a physical examination. This reflex, or involuntary type of response, is normal in small children, but not normal for those over 2 years old.
- Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body. It is well known for its important role in maintaining strong teeth and bones. Most calcium, 99%, is found in the teeth and bones. The remaining 1% is found in the body's fluids and cells. Calcium requires vitamin D for absorption. It also works closely with magnesium, zinc, fluoride and phosphorous. Calcium is also important for proper heart function, nerve transmission, and blood clotting. Complex processes control the amount of calcium in the blood. When there is too little of it in the blood, hormones pull it from the bones to meet the body's demands.
calcium and adolescents
- Calcium is a mineral. It plays an essential role in building healthy teeth and bones. Unfortunately, most adolescents do not eat enough high-calcium foods. They are at risk of developing osteoporosis when they get older. Infancy, childhood and adolescence are critical periods for achieving peak bone mass. The skeleton increases in mass 3-fold in adolescence.
collarbone fracture
compression fractures of the back
- Brought on by force, a compression fracture is a break in the vertebra that causes it to collapse. The vertebra are the box-shaped bones that make up the spine. Typically, a compression fracture is wedge-shaped, with more collapse in the front, due to force on the spine from forward bending.
bone grafts
crush injury
- A crush injury occurs when a body part is caught between 2 objects.
compartment syndrome
- When pressure increases within a muscle compartment, the blood supply to the muscle is cut off and the muscle may die.
first aid kit
- A first aid kit is a collection of supplies and materials that can be used as a first line of treatment for an injury or illness.
hip fracture
- A hip fracture is another term for a broken hip. It is a complete or partial break in the top part of the thighbone. The thighbone, also called the femur, inserts into the hip joint. Broken hips occur more often in older people. In 1996 around 15,000 Australians sustained hip fractures. It is predicted that by 2006 the total number of hip fractures will have incresed by 36% to 21,000 per year. About 50% of cases occur in people age 80 or over.
hip pinning
- Hip pinning is a procedure used to repair a hip fracture, or broken hip. Pinning means that one or more special metal pins are inserted into a bone or bones. Many people with hip fractures need to have this procedure. Often, it enables the hip to begin functioning and the person to move around earlier than if the bone had to heal on its own. Also, it can help reduce complications.
bone fracture
- A bone fracture is a break in a bone. The surrounding tissues are usually injured as well. Bone fractures are classified as: simple or closed fracture, in which the broken bone does not come through the skin compound or open fracture, in which the bone pierces the skin or the skin is torn or scrapedBone fractures are also classified by the position of the bone fragments, as follows: comminuted, in which the bone breaks into small pieces impacted, in which one bone fragment is forced into another angulated, in which fragments lie at an angle to each other displaced, in which the fragments separate and are deformed non-displaced, in which the two sections of bone keep their normal alignment overriding, in which fragments overlap and the total length of the bone is shortened segmental, in which fractures occur in two nearby areas with an isolated central segment avulsed, in which fragments are pulled from their normal positions by muscles or ligamentsWhat are the signs and symptoms of the injury?
bone fracture repair
joint x-ray
- A joint x-ray is a radiographic image of a place where bones in the body connect. Examples include the knee, elbow and ankle. X-rays consist of electromagnetic waves of energy. They penetrate the body to varying extents depending on the density of the structures being viewed. The result is back and white images of interior portions of the body.
knee pain
head injury
- A head injury is defined as any trauma to the head that may or may not permanently injure the brain.
neck pain
CSF leak
how to make a sling
- A sling is a device that is made to hold an injured part of the body and limit its movement and relieve pain.
how to make a splint
- A splint is a rigid device that is used for supporting an injured body part. The use of a splint is usually considered to be temporary, to prevent movement until medical help is received. There are many splints that may be temporary but are used for longer periods of time. Sometimes people can remove their splints to change clothes and bathe and to reposition the splint.
leg pain
- Most people use the term "leg" to mean the entire area between the top of the thigh and the ankle. Pain can occur in this part of the body for many reasons.
neck injury
- A neck injury is any injury to the soft tissue, bony, or nerve structures of the neck.
nose emergencies
- Any event involving severe loss of blood through the nose or the fracturing of bones in the nose is considered a nose emergency. Nose emergencies can also occur when an object is lodged in the nose preventing the person from breathing.
nose fracture
- A nose fracture is a break in the nasal bone. Though most of the nose is made of cartilage, a soft spongy material, the upper portion of the nose has a bone underneath it called the nasal bone. A nose fracture usually occurs after an injury to the face.
magnesium in diet
- Magnesium is a major mineral that is involved in more than 300 enzyme reactions in the body.
skull X-ray
radial nerve injury
- A radial nerve injury involves damage to the radial nerve, which allows sensation and movement in part of the arm. The radial nerve attaches to the skin and muscles of certain areas of the arm, forearm, and hand. It is responsible for muscle movement and sensation in these areas. Someone with an injury to the radial nerve lose function in these areas.
replantation of digits
radial head fracture
- This condition involves a fracture of the radius bone, one of the 2 forearm bones, at the elbow.
seatbelts and infants
- Seatbelts and other forms of restraint for children in motor vehicles are important safety measures designed to reduce the chance of injury and death.
shaken baby syndrome
- Shaken baby syndrome is a form of child abuse and involves repeated shaking of a young baby that results in a head or neck injury. This movement causes the brain to slam against the skull.
spinal fusion
- Spinal fusion is a surgical procedure that involves the joining, or fusion, of two or more vertebrae, the bones that make up the spine. The purpose is to correct abnormal movement between vertebrae to prevent potential damage to the spinal cord.
axillary nerve dysfunction
- Axillary nerve dysfunction is the lack of normal electrical transmission through the axillary nerve, which activates the shoulder muscles.
spinal cord injury
- Spinal cord trauma is an injury to the spinal cord. The spinal cord is the part of the nervous system that runs down from the brain through a canal in the spine. It sends signals between the nerves in the body, called the peripheral nerves, and the brain. Signals from sensations like pain or position are sent up the peripheral nerves from organs like skin and muscle. Commands to move the body are known as motor impulses. These impulses begin in the brain and travel down the spinal cord. They then travel through the peripheral nerves into tissues such as muscle to produce movement. When signals travel to or from the brain, they cross over to the other side. The left side of the brain receives sensation from, and sends motor signals to, the right side of the body and vice versa.
stress fracture
- A stress fracture is a small crack in a bone. Stress fractures usually occur in the foot, shin, outer leg, thigh, and back.
tailbone trauma
- Tailbone trauma is any injury that occurs to the coccyx or tailbone, which is found at the base of the spine.
Useful Links
Headway Victoria - Acquired Brain Injury Association Inc - Support: 1800 817 964
vitamin D
wrist fracture
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