Certain major risk factors have been shown to increase a person's chances of developing heart disease. Other contributing factors have been identified, though less conclusively, to increase one's risk. Some of these risk and contributing factors are preventable, even treatable.
Limit cholesterol to 300 milligrams (mg) a day for the general population and 200 mg a day for those with heart disease or its risk factors.
Limit trans fatty acids. Trans fatty acids are found in foods containing partially hydrogenated vegetable oils, such as packaged cookies, crackers and other baked goods, commercially prepared fried foods, and some margarines.
Limit salt intake to less than 6 grams or 2,400 mg of sodium per day, slightly more than 1 teaspoon a day.
If you drink, limit alcohol consumption to no more than 2 drinks per day for women and 4 drinks per day for men.
Author: Kimberly Tessmer, RD, LD Reviewer: HealthAnswers Australia Medical Review Panel Editor: Dr David Taylor, Chief Medical Officer HealthAnswers Australia Last Updated: 1/10/2001 Contributors Potential conflict of interest information for reviewers available on request
This website and article is not a substitute for independent professional advice. Nothing contained in this website is intended to be used as medical advice and it is not intended to be used to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease, nor should it be used for therapeutic purposes or as a substitute for your own health professional's advice. All Health and any associated parties do not accept any liability for any injury, loss or damage incurred by use of or reliance on the information.