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General - Physical and Sexual Abuse
Physical And Sexual Abuse

Articles on recognising and dealing with abuse
General - Other

abuse and neglect
- Abuse can take many forms. It may be physical, psychological, sexual, or financial. One type of abuse is neglect. It occurs when a caretaker fails to fulfill the basic needs of a child, elder, or dependent adult.
abuse, child
- Child abuse can be defined as "the physical treatment and mental injuring, sexual abuse, negligent treatment, or maltreatment of a child under the age of 18 by a person who is responsible for the child's welfare under circumstances which indicate that the child's health and welfare is harmed or threatened thereby."
aging changes in vital signs
abuse of spouse or partner
- Abuse of spouse or partner is the abuse of one partner by another in a relationship where the two adults are dating, married, or living together. This abuse can be emotional abuse, physical abuse, or sexual abuse. An emotional abuser might make angry remarks in private or public to cause the victim to feel worthless and ashamed. Physical abuse can include hitting, slapping, punching, or beating. Sexual abuse means forcing a partner to have sex against his or her will. It can also include making a partner do sexual acts that he or she finds degrading, or forcing a woman to risk pregnancy or sexually transmitted disease.
abuse, elderly
- Elderly abuse is the mistreatment of an older person. It may occur while the person is living alone, with others or in an institution. Domestic elderly abuse refers to mistreatment by someone who has a special relationship with the elder. This person could be a spouse, sibling, child, friend, or other caregiver. Institutional abuse refers to mistreatment of a resident in a facility for older persons. This includes nursing homes, foster homes, group homes, or board and care facilities where staff is paid to provide care. Self-neglect occurs when the behaviour of an older person living alone threatens his or her own health or safety.There are four common types of elderly abuse. Physical abuse is pain or injury inflicted intentionally by a caregiver. It may include slapping, beating, physical restraint, or sexual assault. Psychological or emotional abuse is mental suffering inflicted intentionally by a caregiver. It may include humiliation, intimidation, threats, and destruction of belongings. Financial abuse is improper or illegal use of the resources of an older person without consent. It may include the sale of a home or belongings. Neglect is failing to provide reasonable care. A person may be denied food or health care, for example, or abandoned.Only a very few Australian studies have been conducted on the prevalence of elderly abuse. Overseas studies indicate that between 2% to 5% or older people are victims of abuse. A study in NSW confirmed this and found 4.6% had experienced physical, psychological and financial abuse or neglect. (1992 figures)
aging of the female reproductive system
haemolytic uremic syndrome
- Haemolytic uremic syndrome is a poorly understood condition that affects the blood and kidneys. It usually follows an infection that has caused diarrhoea.
- Rabies is a fatal nervous system infection that is caused by the rabies virus.
acute mountain sickness
- Acute mountain sickness is a disorder caused by lack of oxygen at high altitudes. It can affect any person who climbs too rapidly above an elevation of around 2500 metres. Symptoms are more likely to occur if a person climbs from sea level to above 2500 metres. It can also occur at lower altitudes.
Bell's palsy
- Bell's palsy is weakness of the muscles on one side of the face. Rarely it can affect both sides of the face.
- Haemosiderosis is a rare, often fatal, condition in which iron builds up in the lungs. The iron is in the form of haemosiderin, a pigment in blood. Haemosiderosis results from bleeding into the lungs, also known as pulmonary haemorrhage.
backaches and stress
- Malingering is a condition in which a person pretends to have an illness or disability to get some type of external gain. This may include trying to avoid work or get money.
complex partial seizure
- A seizure is an abnormal change in the electrical activity of the brain. These electrical changes may occur in or near the part of the brain called the temporal lobe. This is known as a complex partial seizure
conversion disorder
- A conversion disorder is a condition in which a person develops certain physical symptoms, such as paralysis or visual impairment, in response to severe psychological stress. No physical cause can be found for these symptoms.
dissociative disorder
- A dissociative disorder is a defence mechanism in which one's identity, memories, ideas, feelings, or perceptions are separated from conscious awareness. They can't be recalled or experienced voluntarily. The following are considered types of dissociative disorders: dissociative amnesia dissociative fugue dissociative stupor trance and possession disorders dissociative motor disorders dissociative convulsions dissociative anaesthesia and sensory loss mixed dissociative (conversion) disordersEach of these types of disorders has specific ways in which the symptoms of dissociation are shown. However, they all share the use of separation of emotions or behaviour from the person's conscious thoughts.
drug-induced hepatitis
- Hepatitis, or inflammation of the liver, can be caused by medications.
drug-induced tremor
- A tremor is involuntary trembling or quivering. It is usually noticed in the tongue, arms or legs. Drugs can sometimes cause a tremor.
radiation sickness
- Radiation sickness is caused by exposure to a large amount of radiation. This may be the result of a nuclear accident or the explosion of a nuclear weapon. Radiation sickness can be acute or chronic.
familial periodic paralysis
- Familial periodic paralysis is a condition that causes occasional bouts of muscle weakness. It is usually brought on by an abnormal level of potassium in the blood.
generalised tonic-clonic seizure
- These seizures are marked by a sudden loss of consciousness with violent muscle contractions of the limbs and trunk. There may be a loss of bladder control and some injury to the mouth.
jet lag
- Jet lag is a condition in which a person's normal sleep cycle is disturbed by travel across time zones.
child sexual abuse
- Child sexual abuse is any experience during childhood or adolescence that involves inappropriate sexual attention by another person. This person is usually an adult, but can also be an older child, teenager, or even a person the same age. It can take place within the family, by a parent, stepparent, sibling, or other relative. It also can occur outside the family by a friend, neighbour, childcare person, teacher, or random molester. Broadbent and Bentley (1997) from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare advise there were 4,862 substantiated cases of sexual abuse reported to state and territory organisations throughout Australia.
epidural abscess
- An epidural abscess is a walled off area of infection that occurs in the space between the outermost membrane of the brain or spinal cord, and the overlying bone and ligaments.
- Chiropractic involves the manipulation of the bones of the spine to put them back in "their proper place." Chiropractic is based on a belief that a person's health is a reflection of the relationship between the spinal column and nervous system.
abdominal exploration
- An abdominal exploration, or laparotomy, is a surgical procedure that allows a surgeon to look inside the abdominal cavity.
hernia repair
- A hernia repair is a surgical procedure used to correct a hernia. A hernia is a bulging of internal organs or tissues. These protrude through an abnormal opening in the muscle wall. Hernia repair is one of the most common operations done in Australia. Almost 40,000 are performed each year. Common types of hernias include: inguinal or femoral hernias, located in the groin umbilical hernias, located at the belly button incisional hernias, which form at the site of an earlier surgery Who is a candidate for the procedure? 
topical anaesthesia
- Topical anaesthesia is a method of pain control. The numbing medication or anaesthetic is placed directly on the surface to be treated. Topical numbing medication comes in many forms, including sprays, gels, gargles, and lozenges.
fibrocystic changes in the breast
emotional abuse
- Emotional abuse occurs when a person uses words or actions to make another person think less or himself or herself. It may be accompanied by physical abuse or sexual abuse.
- Encephalitis is an inflammation of the brain. It usually follows or results from an infection.
foreign body in the nose
- The nose can become blocked accidentally by a substance not normally found there. Such an object or material is called a foreign body.
aging changes in the face
Guillain-Barre syndrome
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
cerebral aneurysm
essential tremor
Gaucher disease
mad cow disease
motion sickness
- Motion sickness is the body's response to conflicting messages about motion that are sent to the brain. The conflict is between what the eyes see and what the body senses.
aging changes in the urinary system
aortic dissection
polycystic kidney disease
intensive care unit
rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis
stroke from carotid dissection
stroke from carotid stenosis
sudden infant death syndrome
telemetry unit
adult respiratory distress syndrome
aging changes in the lungs
legionnaires' disease
aging of the male reproductive system
inguinal hernia
renal failure
metabolic acidosis
oxygen therapy
hyperactivity, adult
intermittent explosive disorder
petit mal seizure
- Petit mal seizures are a form of epilepsy, a condition that involves disturbances of brain function that result in seizures. Petit mal seizures can occur many times an hour or day and usually occur in children.
chromium in the diet
Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA)
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aging changes in the senses
stroke from atherosclerosis
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Albion Street Centre
atheroembolic renal disease
- Atheroembolic renal disease is one in which the kidneys fail because the arteries that supply them with oxygen- and nutrient-rich blood become blocked.
hospital acquired pneumonia
- Hospital-acquired pneumonia is an infection of the lungs that is picked up while a person is in the hospital.
- Metastasis is the spread of cancer cells from the original site to other parts of the body.
- The organism Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a bacteria that causes infections in different parts of the body, including the respiratory system, central nervous system, and heart.
- Nocardiosis is an infection caused by bacteria called Nocardia asteroides. It usually starts in the lungs and may spread to the skin and brain.
post polio syndrome
- Post polio syndrome (PPS) affects people who have had the poliomyelitis virus, or polio, anywhere from 10 to 40 years before. Of the 300,000 polio survivors in the US, one-quarter to one-half will have symptoms of PPS. If the initial bout with polio was severe, there is a greater chance of developing post polio syndrome. There is also a greater chance of developing more severe PPS symptoms.
postural hypotension
- Postural hypotension is low blood pressure that occurs when a person stands up. It results in decreased blood flow to the brain.
restrictive cardiomyopathy
- Restrictive cardiomyopathy is a condition in which the walls of the heart become thick and rigid. The heart is then not able to fill with a normal amount of blood.
Rocky Mountain spotted fever
- Rocky Mountain spotted fever is an infection with fever and rash. It is usually transmitted from a bite of an infected tick.
local anaesthesia
- Anaesthesia means a loss of feeling or inability to feel pain. Local anaesthesia is a method of pain prevention in a small area of the body. The medication used is commonly called numbing medication.
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