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adenoid removal
- This procedure involves surgically removing the adenoid glands from the nasopharynx, which is the area between the nasal airway and back of the throat. It is usually performed with a tonsillectomy, or surgical removal of the tonsils.
cervical biopsy
- A cervical biopsy involves the removal of a small sample of tissue from the cervix. The cervix is the lowest part of the uterus and contains the opening from the uterus to the vagina. The tissue sample is called a biopsy.
- Angioplasty is a procedure to reconstruct or repair a blood vessel. In most cases, this term refers to a procedure to open and restore blood flow through a clogged artery. This procedure is often used as a less invasive treatment instead of traditional surgery.
acupuncture and pain
- Acupuncture literally means needle piercing. It is the practice of inserting very fine needles into the skin to stimulate specific points. This stimulation balances the movement of energy in the body.
- Biofeedback refers to methods that allow people to have conscious control over body functions that usually occur automatically. The heartbeat, blood pressure, muscle tension, pain response, and brain waves have all been targeted. An instrument measures changes in these functions. The person is made aware of the measurements. The name biofeedback comes from this biological feedback.
chickenpox vaccine
- The chickenpox vaccine is given to prevent chickenpox in children and adults. Vaccines contain weakened or dead germs that cause certain diseases. To fight these germs, the body's immune system creates antibodies. Antibodies are cells that attack foreign substances in the body. A vaccine causes the body to makes antibodies to the weakened germs in the vaccine. Some of these antibodies will stay in the body for long periods of time. How long they remain depends on which vaccine a person gets. If the person is later exposed to the disease, the antibodies multiply to fight it off.
chorionic villus sampling
- Chorionic villus sampling, or CVS, is a procedure in which a small piece of tissue is taken from the chorionic villi early in pregnancy. The chorionic villi are lacy fibrils that attach the sac holding the foetus to the uterine wall. These fibrils have the same genetic and biochemical makeup as the foetus.
- Colposcopy involves the use of a special lighted microscope to magnify the surface of the cervix during a pelvic examination. The cervix is the lowest part of the uterus and contains the opening from the uterus to the vagina.
abdominal birth
- A caesarean section is the delivery of a baby through an incision in the mother's abdomen. Caesarean sections are done when the health of a mother or baby is at risk or at maternal request.
abdominal delivery
abdominal exploration
- An abdominal exploration, or laparotomy, is a surgical procedure that allows a surgeon to look inside the abdominal cavity.
adrenal gland biopsy
adrenal biopsy
- There are two adrenal glands in the body, one on top of each kidney. These glands produce a variety of hormones that affect almost all of the body's functions. An adrenal biopsy involves taking a sample of tissue, usually from only one adrenal gland.
allergy scratch tests
allergy skin tests
allergy testing
anticancer medications
- Cancer is a complex disease. In order to treat it effectively, one or more therapies are often used. They can be used separately or in combination. The most common therapies are surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. Surgery and radiation therapy are local treatments. This means they are directed at and treat a specific area affected by cancer. Chemotherapy refers to medications that can kill or control cancer. These medications are delivered to all parts of the body in the bloodstream. For this reason, chemotherapy is considered a systemic treatment, or one that affects the entire body.
antineoplastic medications
- The ileum is the last part of the small intestine, or small bowel, which connects to the large bowel. Treatment for some bowel diseases requires interruption or removal of part or all of the bowel. If this is done, a new way for stool to leave the body must be created. When a surgeon creates an artificial opening in the bowel for stool to pass through, this is called an ostomy. If the opening is created in the ileum, the procedure is called an ileostomy.
kidney removal
- Kidney removal, or nephrectomy, is a surgery to remove a diseased or damaged kidney.
artificial kidneys
- Dialysis is a procedure that cleans and filters the blood when the kidneys are not working.
ileostomy care
- The ileum is the last portion of the small intestine, which connects to the large intestine. Sometimes a section of intestine must be removed surgically because of bowel disease, and a new way for stool to leave the body must be created. When the surgeon makes an opening in the abdomen for the stool to pass through, this surgery is called an ileostomy, and the opening into the abdomen is called a stoma.
assisted reproductive technology
allergy testing
- Allergy tests are used to find the substances that are causing an allergic reaction.
automated external defibrillators
belly button surgery
biopsy - adrenal gland
biopsy of the breast
- This procedure involves taking a piece of tissue from the breast.
undescended testicle repair
- During pregnancy, the testicles develop inside the abdomen of the foetus. Normally, they descend into the scrotum before birth or within the first year of life. If this does not occur, the condition is known as undescended testicle. A repair operation is then done to move the testicle to its proper place.
- Bone marrow, or marrow, is a spongy tissue found in the centre of certain bones in the human body. Bone marrow makes blood cells. Immature blood cells in the marrow are called stem cells. Stem cells divide and mature to form various types of blood cells. These include the oxygen-carrying red blood cells, infection-fighting white blood cells, and platelets, which are cells that help make blood clot.
bone fracture reduction
- A broken bone is called a fracture. There are a variety of treatments to repair, or reduce, a fracture. The treatment depends upon the type and severity of the fracture, and the bones involved. The goal is to eliminate any deformity of the bone and to maximise its function. There are two types of repair, open and closed.
bone fracture repair
bone grafting
- A bone graft is a surgical procedure performed to place new bone into spaces between or around abnormal bones. Bone grafts may be taken from another part of the person's body, such as the hip or ribs. This is called an autograft. Bone grafts may also come from a tissue donor, which is called an allograft.
bone grafts
bone marrow aspiration
- A bone marrow biopsy removes a sample of bone marrow cells from the bone.
bone marrow biopsy
bone marrow tap
bone marrow transplant
bowel retraining
- Bowel retraining is a method in which a person relearns to have regular bowel movements.
brain surgery
- A craniotomy is a type of surgery done to open part of the cranium, or skull. This procedure is needed when a person has a disease or injury that affects the brain, its tissues, or its blood vessels.
breast biopsy
breast biopsy
- During a breast lump removal, a worrisome lump or mass in the breast is taken out. It is then examined for signs of cancer by a pathologist.
breast lump removal
haemorrhoid surgery
- This procedure is done to remove or reduce the size of haemorrhoids using one of these techniques: rubber band ligation sclerotherapy cryosurgery laser surgery a surgical procedure known as haemorrhoidectomyWho is a candidate for the procedure?
carpal tunnel release
- Carpal tunnel decompression is a surgical procedure that helps to relieve the symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome. In carpal tunnel syndrome, the median nerve in the wrist is compressed, or squeezed, and often is irritated. This causes numbness and pain in the fingers and hand. Carpal tunnel repair relieves the compression of the median nerve.
carpal tunnel repair
cataract extraction
- A cataract is clouding or yellowing in the lens of the eye. The lens is a structure on the inside of the eye that allows people to focus. A cataract may result in fuzzy or blurry vision. If this occurs, the lens can be removed surgically. Usually, the lens is replaced with a firm, plastic lens implant. Other choices include the use of contact lenses or thick cataract eyeglasses to help take over the job of the missing lens.
cataract removal
cataract surgery with lens implant
central venous catheter
cervical cone biopsy
- A cone biopsy is a surgical procedure that involves taking a large tissue sample from the cervix. The cervix is the lowest part of the uterus and contains the opening from the uterus to the vagina. The tissue sample is called a biopsy.
cervical conization
cervical freezing treatment
- Cryosurgery of the cervix is the freezing of a section of the cervix, usually to remove precancerous cells. The cervix is the lower portion of the uterus that attaches to the vagina.
cesarean section
chelation therapy
- Chelation therapy involves using a substance, called a chelator, to bind toxins and remove them from the body. This procedure is usually done for heavy metal poisoning. Once the chelator binds the toxin, it can then be excreted out of the body, usually into the urine.
chelation treatment
Gall bladder removal
- Cholecystectomy is the medical term for removal of a gallbladder. Gallbladder disease, or cholecystitis, is a common health problem today. Operations to remove abnormal gallbladders have been done for more than 100 years with excellent results.
- Treatment for bowel disease sometimes requires the removal of part or all of the intestines. A new way for stool to leave the body must be created. A surgeon may create a connection between the bowel and the outside of the body. This is called a colostomy. The opening from the abdomen to the outside of the body is called a stoma. A colostomy may be temporary or permanent. When a person has a colostomy, education and initial care will be provided by a team of health professionals. These may include a doctor, nurse, social worker, and dietician. An enterostomal therapist might also help with care. This person is usually a registered nurse with specialised training and certification. People with colostomies are given information and training specific to their needs. Ongoing care may often extend well beyond the initial hospital stay.
- A colostomy creates a connection between the bowel and the outside of the body. The contents of the bowel are allowed to drain into a bag. A colostomy may be temporary or permanent.
colostomy care
cone biopsy
corneal surgery
- The clear covering of the eyeball is called the cornea. Surgery is performed on the cornea for two main reasons. One is to remove scarring and clouding that interferes with vision. The other purpose of surgery is to change the curve of the cornea to correct vision problems such as nearsightedness or farsightedness. Operations on the cornea can performed either with traditional surgical tools or as laser surgery.
corneal transplant
- The cornea is the clear covering of the eyeball. With corneal transplantation, a part of a person's cornea is removed. It is then replaced with a portion of a cornea from a donor eye. In some cases, only the surface portion of the cornea needs to be removed. This is referred to as lamellar keratoplasty. In the majority of cases, however, the entire thickness of the cornea must be replaced. This is called penetrating keratoplasty.
coronary artery bypass graft surgery
coronary bypass
coronary revascularization
cryotherapy of the cervix
CVP line
D & C
- Dilatation and curettage (D&C) is a procedure that scrapes out the inside lining of the uterus.
open heart surgery
- Open heart surgery describes any surgery that requires the heart to be cut open.
depot progestin injection
diagnostic knee arthroscopy
diagnostic laparoscopy
dilatation and curettage
dissociative anesthesia
DPT immunization
DPT vaccine
DTP vaccine
ear tube surgery
ear unclogging from high altitudes
ear unclogging from high pressures
- Flying in an airplane and other activities that cause sharp rises or falls in altitude can make the ears clog uncomfortably. Certain steps can help unclog the ears during unavoidable altitude changes.
eardrum repair
- Eardrum repair is performed for three problems. These include: a hole in the eardrum, called a perforation calcium deposits a deformity known as a retraction pocket The most common reason is perforation caused by infection, injury, or previous placement of tubes. Tubes are used to allow drainage and equalise the pressure in the space behind the eardrum.
endometrial curettage
endometrial sampling
in vitro fertilisation
- In vitro fertilisation, also called IVF, is a method used to enable couples who are unable to conceive naturally, to have a child. IVF refers to the combining of egg and sperm outside the woman's body. Once the egg is fertilised, the embryo is put back into the woman's body for full development.
epidural anesthesia
exploratory laparoscopy
exploratory laparoscopy
exploratory laparotomy
endometrial ablation
- An endometrial ablation is the removal or destruction of the lining of the uterus, called the endometrium. The purpose of this procedure is to end or reduce the menstrual flow. It is done when a woman has heavy menstrual periods but no evidence of cancer of the uterus. The procedure provides an alternative to hysterectomy, or complete removal of the uterus. For 60% of women who have the procedure, monthly periods stop completely. Flow is reduced for another 30%.
- A facelift is plastic surgery to repair sagging, drooping, and wrinkled skin on the face and neck. As people get older, the effects of gravity, exposure to the sun, and the stresses of daily life can be seen in their faces. There may be deep creases between the nose and mouth, the jaw line may have grown flabby, and there may be folds and fat deposits around the neck. A facelift will not stop the ageing process. A facelift can be done to remove the excess fat, and tighten the muscles and skin. It is sometimes performed with other plastic surgery to reshape the nose, forehead, or eyelids.
farsightedness surgery
fetal scalp blood
fetal scalp sampling
field block
fleets enema
freezing of the cervix
gall bladder removal
gastric suction
gastric suctioning
gastrostomy tube
gastric suction
- gastric suction is performed to empty the contents of the stomach before it passes through the rest of the digestive tract.
Haemophilus influenzae type B
hallux valgus correction
heart bypass surgery
heart transplant
heart bypass surgery
- Heart bypass surgery is an open-heart surgery that is done to reroute or "bypass" blood around clogged arteries. Arteries are the tubes in which blood flows to and from the heart. Over time they can become blocked by a buildup of plaque, which is a combination of fat, cholesterol, and other substances. This blockage, known as arteriosclerosis, lowers the blood and oxygen supply to the heart. Heart bypass surgery, also known as coronary artery bypass graft surgery or CABG, reroutes the blood around these clogged arteries.
heart-lung transplant
Heimlich maneuver on self
heart transplant
- A heart transplant is performed to treat heart failure due to disease or injury. A donor heart is removed from a person deemed brain dead. The heart is then transplanted into the recipient.
carotid endarterectomy
- Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is a procedure used to remove a blockage in the carotid artery to prevent a stroke from occurring. The carotid arteries are blood vessels located in the neck that supply blood to the brain. There is one carotid artery on each side of the neck. When these vessels become narrowed or blocked, blood flow to the brain is reduced. This can lead to a stroke.
Hib vaccine
hormonal injections
hernia repair
- A hernia repair is a surgical procedure used to correct a hernia. A hernia is a bulging of internal organs or tissues. These protrude through an abnormal opening in the muscle wall. Hernia repair is one of the most common operations done in Australia. Almost 40,000 are performed each year. Common types of hernias include: inguinal or femoral hernias, located in the groin umbilical hernias, located at the belly button incisional hernias, which form at the site of an earlier surgery Who is a candidate for the procedure? 
testicular torsion repair
- The cord supplying blood to the testicle can become twisted in a condition known as testicular torsion. If this happens, blood flow can be cut off and the testicle can die. Testicular torsion repair is a surgical procedure in which the testicle is untwisted and anchored to the scrotum in the proper place.
hysterectomy, abdominal
inflatable artificial sphincter
- An inflatable artificial sphincter is used to treat stress incontinence when the urinary sphincter isn't working well. It is implanted in the lower urinary tract to provide control of urine flow.
ileostomy care
immune therapy
in vitro fertilization
induced abortion
induced abortion
inflatable artificial sphincter
injectable birth control
interruption of pregnancy
interruption of pregnancy
kidney transplant
- Kidney transplantation involves placing a healthy donor kidney into a person whose own kidneys have stopped working. The donor kidney can either come from someone who has died or from a living donor.
knee arthroscopy
- Knee arthroscopy is a common procedure used to diagnose and treat knee injuries. The surgeon examines the knee with an instrument called an arthroscope. An arthroscope, a pencil-sized tube with a light and camera attached to the end of it, is inserted into a cut in the knee. An image of the inside of the knee is then seen on a television screen. The surgeon is able to see the entire knee joint, which may allow him or her to repair certain injuries.
knee arthroscopy
laparascopic removal of the uterus
laparoscopic appendectomy
laparoscopic cholecystectomy
laparoscopy in the female
laparscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy
laparoscopy in the female
- A laparoscopy is any surgical procedure that uses a laparoscope. A laparoscope is a thin tube attached to a light source. With it, a doctor can see the pelvic and abdominal organs.
LAser in-SItu Keratomileusis
left-sided heart catheterization
limb removal
throat culture
- A throat culture is a test to see if a bacterial infection is present in the throat.
- A laryngectomy is an operation to remove the larynx. The larynx, or voice box, is the organ that produces the sound that allows us to speak. It also prevents food from entering the air passage.
liver transplant
LEEP, loop electrosurgical excision procedure
- LEEP, or loop electrosurgical excision procedure, is the removal of a piece of the cervix, which is the neck of the uterus. This is done by passing electricity through a thin loop of wire, which cuts and seals the tissue being removed.
loop excision of the transformation zone (LETZ)
lung resection
medroxyprogestone acetate injections
MMR immunization
MMR vaccination
MMR vaccine
modified radical mastectomy
modified radical mastoidectomy
muscle imbalance surgery
- A septoplasty is a form of plastic surgery used to straighten the nasal septum. The septum divides the nasal cavity into 2 sections. The front part of this wall is made of cartilage. A thin, bony plate forms the back part. If the septum deviates into one or both nasal cavities it can cause problems such as airway blockage.
nasal septoplasty
- The sigmoid is the last small stretch of colon, or large intestine, before the rectum. A sigmoidoscopy is a procedure that is done to examine this part of the bowel as well as the rectum and the anus.
nasotracheal intubation
nearsightedness surgery
nerve block
NG tube insertion
open heart surgery
open reduction and internal fixation of a hip fracture
oral hygiene
urinary catheters
- Urinary catheters are flexible tubes placed in the bladder to drain urine. Catheters may be placed through the urethra or directly through the skin of the lower abdomen.
thyroid scan
- This procedure is used to see if the thyroid gland is working properly. The thyroid gland is located in the neck just below the Adam's apple and makes hormones that are important in metabolism.
orotracheal intubation
palatine tonsillectomy
pancreas transplant
- In pancreas transplantation, a healthy pancreas is removed from a organ donor who is brain dead and implanted into a person whose own pancreas has failed. The recipient's failed pancreas is not removed. Pancreas transplantation is used to treat diabetes. In just about all cases, the diabetes is the form that affects children and young adults, known as type I diabetes. It is a long-term condition in which the pancreas is no longer able to produce insulin.
pancreatic transplant
pelvic examination
pelvic laparoscopy
penetrating keratoplasty (PKP)
penile prosthesis
percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy
peridural anesthesia
peritoneal dialysis
plastic surgery of the face
pneumonia vaccine
polio vaccination
simple prostatectomy
- A simple prostatectomy is a surgical procedure done to remove part or all of the prostate gland. This procedure is most commonly performed to treat a condition known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), which is an enlarged prostate gland.
progestin injections
progestin shots
progressive relaxation
pulmonary transplant
radial keratotomy
radiation treatment
radical neck dissection
- A radical neck dissection is a procedure used to remove cancerous tumours from one side of the neck or upper airway. Almost all the lymph nodes and some of the muscles, tissues, veins, and nerves in this area are removed as well.
radical prostatectomy
radical retropubic prostatectomy
radioactive iodine uptake scan
rapid eye movement study
RAST test
radical prostatectomy
- A radical prostatectomy is the removal of the entire prostate, including its capsule, as well as the seminal vesicles. The prostate is a gland that surrounds the neck of the bladder and the urethra in a male. The seminal vesicles lie behind the bladder and near the prostate. They secrete a thick fluid that forms part of the semen.
regional anesthesia
regional block
reimplantation of digits
relaxation techniques
removal of airway obstruction
removal of choking object
removal of lung tissue
removal of the adenoid glands
removal of uterus, abdominally
renal transplant
replantation of digits
saline enema
scrotal orchiopexy
simple mastoidectomy
simple prostatectomy
simple prostatectomy for BPH
skin graft
- A skin graft is a patch of skin that is surgically removed from one part of the body and transplanted to another. The skin graft replaces tissue that has been destroyed or creates new tissue where none exists. A skin graft can come from a different location on the same body or from a different person. The colour and texture of the new graft is carefully chosen so that it fits the new site. Sometimes this is not possible, especially when a large area needs to be covered.
sleep study
sleep study
soap suds enema
sodium phosphate enema
spinal anesthesia
sleep study
- A sleep study, or polysomnogram, continuously measures and records brain and body activities during sleep.
sterilization, female
- Tubal ligation is surgery performed to "tie the tubes." It refers to the Fallopian tubes and will permanently prevent a woman from having children.
stomach pumping
stomach pumping
stomach tube
stomach tube insertion
strabismus surgery
subarachnoid anesthesia
suction lipectomy
surgery of the heart valves
surgical pinning of the hip
- Tonsillectomy is the removal of the palatine or lingual tonsils at the back of the throat. The tonsils, along with the adenoids, are part of the system that captures germs entering the body and triggers an immune response to an infection.
testicular torsion repair
throat culture
throat swab
thyroid scan
topical anaesthesia
- Topical anaesthesia is a method of pain control. The numbing medication or anaesthetic is placed directly on the surface to be treated. Topical numbing medication comes in many forms, including sprays, gels, gargles, and lozenges.
total anesthesia
total hip arthroplasty
total hip replacement
total knee arthroplasty
total knee joint replacement
total knee replacement
total parental nutrition
traditional Chinese Medicine
transplantation of the heart
transplantation of the kidney
transplantation of the liver
transplantation of the lungs
transplantation of the pancreas
tubal ligation
tubal ligation
tubal sterilization
tubal sterilization
tympanoplasty radical mastoidectomy
undescended testicle repair
urinary catheters
uterine scraping
vaginal hysterectomy for leiomyomata or bleeding
vaginal hysterectomy for prolapsed uterus
varicella vaccine
varicose vein surgery
vein ligation and stripping
VP shunt
water therapy
wedge resection
biological response modifiers
- Biological response modifiers (BRMs) are substances that help to fight infections. Many of these substances can be found naturally in small amounts in the body. BRMs are produced in the laboratory in larger amounts and then injected into the body to treat cancer. Sometimes the BRMs are combined with chemotherapy drugs. This helps to improve the effect of the chemotherapy. However, BRMs are not effective against most cancers.
ear tube insertion
- Ear tube insertion is a surgical procedure used to drain fluid from the middle ear. In this procedure, a small cut is made in the eardrum. Next, special tubes, called Grommets, are placed in the ear to allow fluid to drain from the middle ear. These tubes also allow air to circulate through the area behind the middle ear.
endometrial biopsy
- During an endometrial biopsy, a doctor removes a small piece of tissue from the lining of the uterus.
- An enema is a way of cleaning out the bowel or large intestine. Various solutions are inserted into the rectum to soften the faeces. This causes the bowel and rectum to stretch and expand, and helps the bowel to empty.
eye muscle repair
- Eye muscle surgery is done to correct the position of the eyes. The goal is to make the eyes appear straight rather than turned inward, to the side, up or down.
hip pinning
- Hip pinning is a procedure used to repair a hip fracture, or broken hip. Pinning means that one or more special metal pins are inserted into a bone or bones. Many people with hip fractures need to have this procedure. Often, it enables the hip to begin functioning and the person to move around earlier than if the bone had to heal on its own. Also, it can help reduce complications.
bone marrow aspiration
- Bone marrow aspiration is a procedure in which a sample of bone marrow is removed with a special needle. The sample can then be examined with a microscope to look for various diseases or conditions.
central line
- A central line is a special intravenous, or IV, line that is inserted through the chest and threaded into one of the large veins that lie close to the heart. A central line has multiple ports that can be used to draw blood, give fluids, and monitor central venous blood pressure.
fishhook removal
- Removing a fishhook from the skin can be a difficult procedure. There are hundreds of different hook patterns. Hooks vary in size and shape according to their purpose. The parts of a hook include: point, which is the sharpened end of a hook that penetrates the fish's mouth barb, or the projection extending backward from the point of the hook bend, which is the bottom or curved part of the hook shank, or the upper portion of the hook that extends from the bend to the eye eye, or the hole or loop at the end of the shank through which the line is tiedWho is a candidate for the procedure?
- A gastrostomy is surgery to insert a tube through the abdomen into the stomach. This tube is most often used for feeding. It may also be used to keep the stomach empty.
- A lumpectomy is a surgical procedure used to diagnose or treat breast cancer. The procedure removes the breast lump, leaving the rest of the breast intact.
genetic counselling
- Genetic counselling is a discussion with a doctor or genetics counsellor about genetic diseases in a family. Genetic diseases are conditions that can be passed on from a parent to offspring. Examples of common genetic disorders are: Turner syndrome Down syndrome Klinefelter syndrome Tourette syndrome coeliac disease Wilson disease Huntington disease Duchenne muscular dystrophy Tay-Sachs disease haemachromatosis cystic fibrosis thallassaemiaPeople who seek genetic counselling usually have a personal or family history of genetic disease. In some cases, several relatives may meet with the doctor or counsellor.
blood transfusion
- Blood transfusion is a procedure in which the blood or blood components from one person, called a donor, is given to another, called a recipient. Depending on the reason for the transfusion, the person may be given whole blood or a blood component, such as: red blood cells platelets blood clotting factors fresh frozen plasma white blood cells This blood can be obtained from many sources. Volunteer donors are carefully screened and interviewed before they are allowed to donate blood. Friends or family members can do a "directed donation." But, findings have shown that these donations are not any safer than those given by random donors. An autologous donation means that a person has donated his or her own blood to be stored for future use. This may be done prior to an elective surgery.
bunion repair
- Bunion surgery is a surgical procedure performed on the great toe joint. The purpose is to correct a deformity of the great toe or to remove a painful bump, called a bunion, at its base.
hip joint replacement
- Hip joint replacement is a surgical procedure to replace the hip joint. The new joint is artificial, and has two parts. The first part is the hip's socket, called the acetabulum. This is a cup-shaped bone in the pelvis. The second part is the "ball" or head of the femur, also called the thighbone.
- Hydrotherapy is the use of water to treat disease or illness. Water has been used to treat disease since ancient times. Hydrotherapy includes whirlpools, sitz baths, sauna and steam baths, douches, and other treatments.
heart and lung transplant
- A heart and lung transplant is a surgical procedure in which a person's poorly functioning heart and lungs are replaced with those a person who has died and donated their organs.
Hib vaccine
- This vaccine is given to prevent infections caused by Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) bacteria. These bacteria grow in the upper airway of children and adults. They usually do not cause any problems. However, they can cause serious illnesses, such as: bacterial meningitis, an infection of the lining of the brain and spinal cord septic arthritis, an infection of the joints cellulitis, an infection of the skin and tissue underneath it bacteraemia, a blood infection pneumonia, or lung infection epiglottitis, an infection of a portion of the voice box, or larynx Before the introduction of routine Hib vaccination in 1993, there were at least 500 cases of Hib disease in Australian children under 6 years of age every year. Hib meningitis accounted for approximately 60% of all invasive Hib disease, with most cases occurring in children under the age of 18 months. Hib epiglottitis usually occurred in children over the age of 18 months.
hydrocoele repair
- A hydrocoele repair is a surgical procedure performed to remove a fluid-filled mass in the scrotum, called a hydrocoele.
hypospadias repair
- Hypospadias a condition in which the opening of the urethra is on the underside of the penis, rather than in its normal location at the tip of the penis. About half the time, the opening is within an inch of the penis tip. This is known as anterior hypospadias. However, the opening can fall anywhere along the shaft of the penis to below the base of the scrotum. This condition is present from birth.
- A mastoidectomy is a surgical procedure to remove all or part of the mastoid bone, which is the bone directly behind the ear.
measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine
- Vaccines contain weakened or dead germs that cause certain diseases. To fight these germs, a person's immune system creates antibodies which help the body rid itself of the germs and prevent infection. Some of these antibodies will stay in the body for use at a later time if needed. Later in life, if a child or adult is exposed to these diseases, the antibodies multiply and fight them off.
heart valve surgery
- There are 4 valves in the heart. They connect the 4 heart chambers. The valves help move the blood through the heart as it pumps. Valves that are not working properly can sometimes be repaired with surgery.
left heart catheterisation
- Left heart catheterisation describes the placement of a tube into the heart. It is most commonly done to examine the arteries that supply the heart. It may also used to examine the structure and function of the left side of the heart.
varicose vein surgery
- Varicose veins are enlarged, twisted veins, most commonly located in the legs. There are several ways to remove or treat these damaged veins.
rotator cuff repair
- The rotator cuff is made of four muscles in the shoulder and upper arm. The muscles are attached to bones by tough cords called tendons. These muscles help the shoulder joint to function. They also provide stability to the shoulder joint. A rotator cuff repair is a surgical procedure to fix a tear in a rotator cuff. The tear is usually located in the tendon, but sometimes it also involves one of the muscles.
pelvic examination
- During a pelvic examination, a doctor checks a woman's outer and inner genitals for any abnormalities.
polio immunisation
- A vaccine is an injection or oral solution given to protect a person against a life-threatening disease. There are two types of polio vaccines. Inactivated Polio Vaccine (IPV) is delivered in an injection form. Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) is delivered through drops that are swallowed. The OPV is a live vaccine. and is the most common means of delivering the vaccine in Australia.
mastectomy, modified radical
- A modified radical mastectomy is a surgical treatment for breast cancer. The surgeon removes the entire breast and nipple and the lymph nodes under the arm on the same side as the cancer. Lymph nodes are part of the immune system. They are small, round masses of tissue found throughout the body.
- Pyloroplasty is a surgical procedure performed to widen the opening between the stomach and the small intestine. The opening between the stomach and small intestine is called the pylorus. The pylorus, or pyloric canal, is a short canal primarily made of muscle. The canal can become too narrow, in some conditions. When the canal becomes too narrow, food and liquids may not be able to pass. This can result in symptoms such as nausea and vomiting.
radiation therapy
- Radiation can be used to treat many forms of cancer. It is considered a mainstay of cancer treatment. It can be delivered in two ways. One method uses a beam outside the body, and is called external beam radiation. The other method is to implant radioactive material inside the body. This is known as brachytherapy. Radiation affects molecules, proteins, and DNA in cells. The cells become damaged and are then unable to function and divide normally.
spinal fusion
- Spinal fusion is a surgical procedure that involves the joining, or fusion, of two or more vertebrae, the bones that make up the spine. The purpose is to correct abnormal movement between vertebrae to prevent potential damage to the spinal cord.
spleen removal
- Spleen removal, or splenectomy, involves surgically removing the spleen from the body. The spleen produces red blood cells and white blood cells in the body. It also stores blood. The spleen also filters out bacteria and old red blood cells from the blood. It is located to the upper left side of the abdomen, just in front of the stomach.
splinter removal
- Splinter removal is a way to remove splinters of wood or other foreign bodies that are just under the skin.
- Normal body temperature is often defined as 37 degrees Celsius (C). Whenever a person is ill or feels hot or cold to the touch, it is important to take their temperature. If a doctor is called during an illness, he or she will often ask for the temperature of the ill person.
- Amputation is a surgery to remove a limb or part of a limb. Amputation can also happen as an accident, which is called a traumatic amputation.
- Anaesthesia means a loss of feeling or pain. The term anaesthesia is also used to describe medication to prevent feelings of pain during a surgery or other procedure.
- An appendicectomy is surgery to remove the appendix, a small, finger-shaped pouch found at the junction of the small and large intestines.
artificial insemination
- Artificial insemination, or AI, is a procedure that is used to help a woman who is infertile become pregnant. Infertility is a disorder in which a woman is unable to become pregnant through sexual intercourse. In AI, sperm from a man is injected into a woman's cervix, uterus, fallopian tube, or ovarian follicle.
automated external defibrillators
- A defibrillator is a device used to stop an abnormal heart rhythm. It works by sending a harmless electrical shock to the heart. The heart often responds by returning to a normal beat.
epidural anaesthesia
- Epidural anaesthesia is a method used to eliminate pain during certain procedures or surgeries. In this form of anaesthesia, medication is injected inside the spinal column with a needle or thin tube.
- An episiotomy is a cut made to widen the opening of the vagina. It is done toward the end of labour to keep the vaginal tissues from tearing as the baby is born. Sometimes an episiotomy is done to deliver the baby quickly if the baby is in distress.
Foetal scalp pH testing
- In this procedure, a small amount of blood is taken from a baby's scalp. It is done while the mother is in labour. This is to determine if the baby is getting enough oxygen during the birth process.
general anaesthesia
- General anaesthesia is a method used to stop pain from being felt during a procedure or surgery. In this form of anaesthesia, medication is given to make the person unconscious.
- Hypnosis is a therapy that is used to focus a person's attention to a place where he or she feels in control. During hypnosis, a doctor suggests that a person experience a change in sensation, perception, thought, or behaviour. The person's attention is drawn away from the outside world or the area that may be causing problems. Attention is then refocused to the inner self. Someone experiencing hypnosis does not lose control over his or her behaviour. The person's attention and concentration are actually more focused. Participants usually describe hypnosis as: an altered state of consciousness, focused attention, or deep relaxation a pleasant and calming feeling The state of being hypnotised makes it easier to accept and experience suggestions. Hypnosis does not force a person to do anything with these suggestions. It is not a treatment in and of itself. Hypnosis will not cure any underlying physical disorders but it can help with medical treatment.
hysterectomy, abdominal
- Abdominal hysterectomy is a surgery that removes the uterus and cervix through a cut in the abdomen. The ovaries and fallopian tubes may or may not be taken out.
hysterectomy, vaginal for fallen uterus
- This is an operation in which the uterus and cervix are removed through a small cut in the vagina. It is done if the uterus drops from its normal position, which is called a prolapsed uterus. The ovaries and fallopian tubes may also be removed during the procedure.
hysterectomy, vaginal, for fibroids or bleeding
- This is a surgery to remove the uterus and cervix through a cut in the vagina. This procedure may be needed when fibroids or abnormal vaginal bleeding are present. Sometimes the ovaries and fallopian tubes are also removed.
hysteroscopy for abnormal vaginal bleeding
- A hysteroscope is a small metal tube connected to a light source and camera. It magnifies the cervical opening, uterine cavity, and the openings of the fallopian tubes during a procedure called hysteroscopy.
hysterectomy, vaginal, assisted with laparoscopy
- This surgery removes the uterus and cervix through the vagina using a laparoscope. A laparoscope is a small tube with a light and camera at one end. This allows the surgeon to see the inside of the pelvic cavity without making a big cut in the skin. The ovaries and fallopian tubes may also be removed in this procedure. This type of surgery allows for faster healing and smaller scars than older methods.
hysteroscopy, diagnostic for infertility
- A hysteroscope is a small tube connected to a light source and camera. It is used to view some of the internal female pelvic organs. For example, a hysteroscope can be used to examine: the opening of the cervix. This is the lowest part of the uterus that must dilate or widen to allow a pregnant woman to deliver her baby. the uterine cavity. This is the inside of the uterus, or womb, which holds a baby during pregnancy. the openings of the fallopian tubes, or "tubes." These are thin tubes that allow a woman's eggs to pass from the ovary to the uterus so that fertilization of an egg with sperm may occur.Hysteroscopy is considered a diagnostic procedure if it is done only to view these organs, meaning no surgery is done.
- Endotracheal intubation is the insertion of a tube through the nose or mouth into the windpipe, or trachea.
- Liposuction is a procedure used to remove unwanted fat from specific areas of the body. Liposuction may be done on the buttocks, abdomen, thighs, hips, knees, upper arms, cheeks, neck, or chin.
- Lithotripsy is a procedure used to break kidney stones or bladder stones into small pieces. That makes it easier to pass them in the urine. Renal stones, a term that includes both kidney and bladder stones, are small, hard mineral deposits that build up in the urinary tract. These stones are usually about the size of a pea. Most kidney stones pass through the ureters, the tubes leading from the kidneys to the bladder, into the bladder. But sometimes stones get stuck in the ureter or bladder and cause a painful obstruction. Obstruction can lead to infection, and serious kidney damage can result.
liver transplant
- In liver transplantation, a healthy liver is removed from a donor who is brain dead and implanted into a person whose own liver is failing. In most cases, liver failure is a long-term condition that results from disease or injury. There are rare cases of sudden liver failure due to viral infection, toxins, or medication reactions.
local anaesthesia
- Anaesthesia means a loss of feeling or inability to feel pain. Local anaesthesia is a method of pain prevention in a small area of the body. The medication used is commonly called numbing medication.
lung resection
- A lung resection is a surgical procedure to remove a portion of the lung or the whole lung.
lung transplant
- In lung transplantation, a healthy donor lung is removed from a person who is brain dead and implanted into a person with lung disease who needs a healthy lung. Sometimes one lung is transplanted and sometimes a person is in need of a double lung transplant.
oral hygiene
- Dental care has changed a great deal in recent years. Brushing, flossing and regular dental check ups are now common. These practices have helped cut down on oral diseases such as tooth decay (dental caries) and gum disease (gingivitis, periodontitis). Fluoride in water and/or in toothpaste has also played an important role in preventing tooth decay.
penile implant
- A penile implant is a device placed inside the penis. The device allows men with erectile dysfunction to have an erection.
pneumonia vaccine
- The pneumonia vaccine is given to children or adults at high risk for pneumococcal disease, including pneumonia. Pneumococcal disease is caused by certain bacteria that live in the nose, sinuses, ears, and throat. Anyone can get pneumococcal disease, but most healthy people do not get severely ill or die from it.
progesterone injections
- This procedure involves giving a woman an injection of a progesterone.
regional anaesthesia
- Anaesthesia means a loss of feeling or inability to feel pain. Regional anaesthesia or block is a method of pain prevention in a specific part of the body, such as the hand.
replantation of digits
- Replantation of digits is the reattachment of fingers or toes that have been completely cut off, or amputated.
Total knee replacement
- Knee joint replacement is surgery to replace a damaged or diseased knee joint with an artificial joint, or prosthesis. The goal is to improve the mobility and function of the knee joint and reduce pain.
spinal anaesthesia
- Spinal anaesthesia is a way to eliminate pain during certain procedures or surgeries.
stomach pumping
- Stomach pumping is done to remove toxic substances that a person has accidentally or purposely swallowed.
stomach tube insertion
- Stomach tube insertion is the placement of a small plastic tube through the nose into the stomach. This tube is used to drain the contents of the stomach. It also may be used for feeding a person who is unable to eat normally.
- Hyperalimentation is a procedure in which nutrients and vitamins are given to a person in liquid form through a vein. It is only given to someone who cannot get nutrients from food.
- A tracheostomy is a surgical procedure in which an opening is made through the neck into the windpipe or trachea. A tube is usually placed through this opening to provide an airway. This also allows for removal of secretions from the lungs.
transurethral resection of the prostate
- The prostate gland is located in the pelvis just below the bladder. Its main role is to secrete substances into the semen that help sperm fertilise a woman's egg. As men age, it is not uncommon for the prostate gland to become enlarged. When enlarged, the gland can press against the urethra, which is the tube that allows urine to pass from the bladder to the outside of the body. This can interfere with a man's ability to urinate. A transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) is an operation to relieve this problem.
tubal ligation
- Tubal ligation is a means of permanent birth control, or sterilisation. The fallopian tubes normally carry the female egg from the ovary to the uterus. In tubal ligation, these tubes are "tied off" to prevent pregnancy.
- Vasectomy is an operation designed to tie off both of the tubes, known as vas deferens, that carry sperm. It causes permanent infertility, or inability to father children, in males.
ventriculoperitoneal shunt
- Ventriculoperitoneal shunt is a surgical procedure in which a tube or catheter is inserted into the ventricles, or cavities, in the brain to drain excess cerebrospinal fluid into the abdomen.
hysteroscopy for intrauterine defect
- A hysteroscope is a small metal tube connected to a light source and camera. It magnifies the cervical opening, uterine cavity, and the openings of the fallopian tubes during a procedure called hysteroscopy.
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