Definition Coronary risk factors are those conditions or diseases that increase a person's risk of developing coronary artery disease, or CAD. In CAD, a blockage develops in the arteries that supply blood, oxygen, and nutrients to the heart. This can lead to heart attack and even death.
What is the information for this topic? Deposits of cholesterol or fat build up in the blood vessels leading to the heart and can cause the vessels to become blocked. These deposits slowly get bigger over time. This buildup process is called arteriosclerosis.
Coronary risk factors that increase a person's risk of arteriosclerosis and CAD include:
Identification of personal risk factors is important in helping an individual reduce his or her overall risk of CAD. An individual who has one or more risk factors for CAD should talk to his or her doctor. A person should make every effort to reduce coronary risk factors. This may include smoking cessation, control of other diseases such as diabetes and high blood pressure, and eating a healthy diet for heart disease. Medications may need to be adjusted to achieve the best response.
Author: Reviewer: HealthAnswers Australia Medical Review Panel Editor: Dr David Taylor, Chief Medical Officer HealthAnswers Australia Last Updated: 1/10/2001 Contributors Potential conflict of interest information for reviewers available on request
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