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Structure/function - male

General articles on the male reproductive system
Structure/function - female

General articles on the female reproductive system

- This test, performed upon a sample of the fluid surrounding the foetus in the uterus (the "amniotic fluid"), is designed to detect a number of disorders of the foetus.
- Salpingitis is an inflammation of the fallopian tubes, which are long, thin ducts that connect the uterus to the ovaries.
bacterial vaginosis
- Bacterial vaginosis is an overgrowth of a normal vaginal organism in the absence of inflammation.
- Paraphimosis is a painful swelling of the retracted foreskin of the penis.
aging of the female reproductive system
- Cystocele is a condition in which part of the bladder drops down, or protrudes, into the wall of the vagina.
ectopic pregnancy
- An ectopic pregnancy occurs when a fertilised egg implants outside of the uterus. The most common site is within a fallopian tube. More rarely an embryo may implant within an ovary, in the cervix, or on the abdominal wall.
gender identity disorder
- A gender identity disorder is one in which a person wants to be the opposite sex. The person may also believes that he or she is "trapped" in a body of the wrong sex.
genital injuries in females
- A genital injury to a female is an injury to the reproductive organs of a girl or a woman.
genital injury in males
- A genital injury in a male is an injury to the penis, testicles, or the structures within them. The injury may occur as a result of an accident, disease, trauma, or sexual assault.
breast milk
- A woman's body produces breast milk after the birth of an infant. After delivery of the baby, changes in hormonal patterns of the mother change rapidly. This triggers the release of hormones that cause the body to produce breast milk.
testicular torsion
- A man's testicle receives its blood supply through a structure called the spermatic cord. This cord can become twisted, cutting off blood to the testicle. This is known as torsion of the testicle.
pelvic inflammatory disease
- A woman's reproductive organs include the uterus, fallopian tubes, and vagina. Pelvic inflammatory disease or PID is an infection of these organs.
cervical dysplasia
- Cervical dysplasia is a condition in which a woman has abnormal changes in the top layer of cells of her cervix. The cervix is the opening between the vagina and the uterus. The changes are local and have not spread more deeply into the cervix or to other sites in the body.
- Perimenopause refers to the time before menopause, that is, before a woman stops menstruating completely.
blood in the semen
- Blood in the semen is uncommon. Seeing it can make people quite anxious, but it is rarely serious.
- Dyspareunia is pain in or at the entrance of the vagina when the penis is inserted during sexual intercourse.
first trimester of pregnancy
- Ferritin is the iron storage protein found in the blood. This test measures the amount of available ferritin in the blood serum. Iron is important for red blood cell production.
Pap smear
iron in diet
- Iron is a trace mineral and is an essential nutrient. Iron is found in small amounts in every cell of the body. The body needs only small amounts. Iron is widely available in many foods.
testicular self-examination
uterine fibroids
- A hydrocoele is a collection of fluid around the testicle.
- Hypogonadism is a condition in which the ovaries in women or the testes in men do not function properly. As a result, normal sexual development does not take place or is reversed.
hypospadias repair
- Hypospadias a condition in which the opening of the urethra is on the underside of the penis, rather than in its normal location at the tip of the penis. About half the time, the opening is within an inch of the penis tip. This is known as anterior hypospadias. However, the opening can fall anywhere along the shaft of the penis to below the base of the scrotum. This condition is present from birth.
genital irritation in females
- Genital irritation in females is any condition that causes discomfort in the female genitalia. The hymen or outer lips of the vagina and labia, the clitoris, and the vulva are parts of the external female genitalia. The internal female genitalia include the vagina, uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries.
gestational age determination
Peyronie's disease
- In individuals with Peyronie's disease, one or more small areas of fibrous tissue develop in the penis. The disease was first described by the French surgeon Francois de la Peyronie in 1743, though there are other reports dated a century earlier.
aging of the male reproductive system
Bartholin's cyst
urine pregnancy test
uterine prolapse
male infertility
testicular feminization
undescended testicle
undescended testicle repair
hysteroscopy, diagnostic for infertility
tubal ligation
over-the-counter birth control
placental insufficiency
in vitro fertilization
incompetent cervix
teenage pregnancy
menstrual cramps
pelvic pain in females
placenta abruptio
polycystic ovarian syndrome
postpartum depression
pregnancy risk factors
pregnancy ultrasound
premenstrual syndrome
progestin implant
progestin injections
safer sex
second trimester of pregnancy
third trimester of pregnancy
TORCH screen
vaginal bleeding between periods
vaginal discharge
vaginal dryness treatment
- A varicocoele is the enlargement of the network of veins that drain the testicle in males.
Talk to Your Family Physician About Talking With Your Children About Tough Subjects
Talk to Your Family Physician About Talking With Your Children About Tough Subjects - October 25, 1999 - Kansas City, Mo. - Sex. Alcohol. Other Drugs. Harassment. Eating disorders. Violence. Abuse. These are some of the toughest topics...
vaginal bleeding in pregnancy
Useful Links
Australian Women's Health Network (AWHN) - National Breast Cancer Centre - WINGS - Breast cancer support site - Cervical Screening Campaign - Cervical Cancer & Pap Smear Info Line: 13 15 56
scrotal mass
- The term scrotal mass means that a distinct mass can be felt within the scrotum, as opposed to a general swelling of the scrotum.
atrophic vaginitis
- Atrophic vaginitis is an irritation of the vagina that can cause dryness, a pins-and-needles sensation, or burning.
epididymitis, chronic
- This condition describes chronic or long-standing inflammation in the epididymis. The epididymis is a coiled, tubular structure on the back of the testicle.
erectile dysfunction
- Male erectile dysfunction is a condition in which a man cannot get or keep an erection long enough to have sexual intercourse.
Klinefelter syndrome
- Klinefelter syndrome is a genetic disorder that occurs in males who have three or more sex chromosomes. At least two of the chromosomes must be X chromosomes, and one must be a Y chromosome. The condition causes males to have some female-like physical features.
ovarian cysts
- Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs or growths that form on the ovaries. The ovaries are small organs on either side of a woman's uterus that produce an egg each month, as well as the hormones oestrogen and progesterone.
retrograde ejaculation
- Retrograde ejaculation is a condition in which semen travels back into the bladder instead of forward through the urethra.
testicular torsion repair
- Vasectomy is an operation designed to tie off both of the tubes, known as vas deferens, that carry sperm. It causes permanent infertility, or inability to father children, in males.
intrauterine device
- An intrauterine device (IUD) is a small, plastic device that contains copper or progesterone (a hormone). It is inserted within the cavity of the uterus by a doctor to prevent pregnancy.
pregnancy and exercise
- Pregnancy is the process of childbearing and can be divided into three stages: preconception (before pregnancy), antenatal (during pregnancy), and postpartum (after pregnancy). There are specific exercise guidelines for woman at each of these stages of pregnancy.
pregnancy and sports
- Pregnancy and sports is a discussion of the safety of various strenuous sports during the 40 weeks of pregnancy. It provides the pregnant woman with ways to maintain exercise during pregnancy.
puberty and adolescence
- Adolescence is the period of growth that bridges childhood and adulthood. This period includes puberty, or the development of sexual maturity. The physical changes of puberty result in both males and females being able to create babies. Adolescence begins when a child is 10 to 12 years old. It ends between the ages of 18 and 21.
- VBAC is delivering a child vaginally after a previous delivery by caesarean section .
stress and women
- Stress is the "wear and tear" the body goes through as it adjusts to the constantly changing environment. Anything that causes change in a person's life causes stress.
hot flushes
- Hot flushes are the sensation of sudden flushing and sweating. This condition is felt by 75% of women going through the change of life, known as menopause. It may also affect women who have had their ovaries removed.
- The luteinizing hormone test is a blood test that measures the amount of luteinizing hormone (LH) produced by the front lobe of the pituitary gland, known as the anterior pituitary.
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